Antioch, IL

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Antioch is a suburban village located in Lake County, Illinois, USA. As of the 2000 census, the village had a total population of 8,788. Antioch is part of Chicagoland, the metropolitan area surrounding Chicago, Illinois.

History

As noted in the Village of Antioch's website (http://www.antioch.il.gov/history.html):

The Pottawatomi Indian Tribe, nomadic hunters who lived in tepees, inhabited Antioch when white men began to arrive. They fought with the British in the War of 1812 and then with the American settlers in the Blackhawk War of 1832. It was in 1832 that the Indians began to leave the area, although arrowheads and other remnants of their history can still be found today if one knows where to look. The winding Highway 173 was once an Indian trail and Highway 83 was the Muquonago Trail. Sequoit, name of the creek and the local high school mascot, is an Indian word meaning "winding".

The first permanent white settlement in Antioch was the Gage Brothers' cabin on Sequoit Creek, a tributary of the Fox River. In 1839, Hiram Buttrick built a sawmill along the creek, making Antioch a center of commerce. A replica of the mill has been built a few hundred feet downstream from where it once stood.

Antioch was officially founded just prior to the United States Civil War by a small Protestant sect known as the Disciples of Christ, later known as the Church of Christ. In 1843, less enthusiastically religious residents mockingly recommended the biblical name "Antioch," and the name stuck. Partly due to being a regional center of the Abolitionist movement, Antioch is noted as having sent a disproportionately high number of its young men to the Union Army. Shortly after the Civil War, the town disincorporated, as many of the initial religious settlers moved away. In 1892, Antioch reincorporated as a village, which it has been continuous to this day. The town grew as new settlers (primarily of English and German descent) established farms and businesses.

In the late 1800's, Antioch became a popular vacation spot for Chicagoans. Tourism grew quickly once the rail line to Chicago was laid in 1886. Originally, farmers near the lake accepted boarders, then they added guest rooms onto their homes. Eventually hotels and subdivisions of summer cottages were built. The tourists took excursion boats through the renowned flowering lotus beds. Hunting, fishing, dancing and gambling were big draws, but most tourists (not to mention year-round residents) simply preferred the quiet country life over the hustle and bustle of Chicago. During Prohibition, one famous Antioch resident was Al Capone, who owned a summer home on nearby Bluff Lake.

Fire destroyed much of downtown in 1891, 1903, and 1904. In 1905, the town rebuilt with brick and started a public water system. The base of the first water tower is still found at the corner of Toft and Orchard Streets. A volunteer Fire Department was formed in 1913.

The town grew at a steady pace through the years. Harvesting ice to supply ice boxes was a major industry in the area for many years. Pickard China, America's finest china company, has been a steady employer in Antioch since 1937. In the 1950's, the village developed the large industrial park along Anita Avenue, which greatly contributes to the tax and employment base.

Political Makeup

Antioch's government is made up of a mayor and six trustees elected at large, with staggered terms. The current mayor is Dorothy Larson. The Village leans Republican, but partisan politics rarely figure in local elections. Pro and anti-Walmart as well as pro and anti-development factions dominate the political landscape.

Economy

Most of Antioch's residents work outside of the village, in Chicago or neighboring villages. Residents can reach both Chicago and Milwaukee by way of Interstate 94 and U.S. Route 41. Since 1996, Metra's North Central Service has played an increasingly important role in the development of Antioch. Daily train service to and from Chicago appeals to many commuters and has given rise to new commercial development near the train depot. The village is currently undergoing rapid commercial and residential growth, with a majority of it along the IL Rte 173 corridor.

The village has some small industry, including the world famous Pickard China factory (where Air Force One and Camp David china comes from). Downtown has a mix of small retail focused on antiques, quilting, small clothing boutiques and a wide range of ethnic restaurants.

Education

Colleges/universities with over 2000 students nearest to Antioch:

  • COLLEGE OF LAKE COUNTY (about 11 miles; GRAYSLAKE, IL; Full-time enrollment: 6,973)
  • GATEWAY TECHNICAL COLLEGE (about 18 miles; KENOSHA, WI; FT enrollment: 2,575)
  • MCHENRY COUNTY COLLEGE (about 22 miles; CRYSTAL LAKE, IL; FT enrollment: 2,707)
  • WILLIAM RAINEY HARPER COLLEGE (about 26 miles; PALATINE, IL; FT enrollment: 8,229)
  • TRINITY INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY (about 27 miles; DEERFIELD, IL; FT enrollment: 2,121)
  • UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN-PARKSIDE (about 31 miles; KENOSHA, WI; FT enrollment: 3,945)
  • OAKTON COMMUNITY COLLEGE (about 33 miles; DES PLAINES, IL; FT enrollment: 5,749)

Public high school in Antioch:

  • ANTIOCH COMM HIGH SCHOOL (Students: 2,232; Location: 1133 MAIN ST; Grades: 09 - 12)

Public primary/middle schools in Antioch:

  • ANTIOCH UPPER GRADE SCHOOL (Students: 886; Location: 800 HIGHVIEW DR; Grades: 06 - 08)
  • HILLCREST ELEMENTARY SCHOOL (Students: 628; Location: 433 E DEPOT ST; Grades: PK - 02)
  • W C PETTY ELEMENTARY SCHOOL (Students: 382; Location: 850 HIGHVIEW DR; Grades: 02 - 05)
  • EMMONS GRADE SCHOOL (Students: 375; Location: 24226 W BEACH GROVE; Grades: KG - 08)
  • OAKLAND ELEMENTARY SCHOOL (Students: 343; Location: 22018 W GRASS LAKE; Grades: 02 - 05)
  • ANTIOCH ELEM SCHOOL (Students: 302; Location: 817 N MAIN ST; Grades: 02 - 05)
  • GRASS LAKE ELEM SCHOOL (Students: 236; Location: 26177 W GRASS LAKE; Grades: PK - 08)

Private primary/middle schools in Antioch:

  • ST PETER ELEMENTARY SCHOOL (Students: 288; Location: 900 ST PETER STREET; Grades: KG - 8)
  • FAITH EVANG LUTHERAN SCHOOL (Students: 183; Location: 1275 S MAIN STREET; Grades: PK - 8)

Library in Antioch:

  • ANTIOCH P.L.D. (Operating income: $1,406,272; Location: 757 MAIN STREET; 84,435 books; 6,920 audio materials; 6,192 video materials; 529 serial subscriptions)

Public Safety

The Antioch Police Department employs 42 persons, consisting of 30 sworn personnel. The Department has a Chief of Police, 2 Commanders, and 5 Sergeants with the remaining sworn personnel being in the Detective Division and the Patrol Division. The Department also has an explorer post consisting of an explorer chief, lieutenant, 2 sergeants, and 3 explorers. The entire department continues to grow as the Village of Antioch expands.

The Antioch fire department consists of volunteer firefighters and a volunteer rescue squad. The Antioch Rescue Squad was the first Advanced Life Support rescue squad in the state.

The police department and the fire department are housed in separate buildings next to each other. The Antioch police department communications division dispatches for the Police Departments of Antioch, Lake Villa, and Lindenhurst - along with fire and rescue departments of Antioch and Lake Villa. The 911 Center serves 65,000 residents in these three communities. In March 1993, the Antioch Police Department became a part of the Lake Country Enhanced 911 system . The Antioch Police Department has a state-of-the-art 911 center -- one of the most sophisticated 911 centers in the State of Illinois.

Arts & Recreation

Antioch remains the summer and winter destination of choice for Chicagoland residents. The Chain O Lakes, an Illinois State Park found along the Fox River, serves as an aquatic mecca for boating and summer leisure, while skiing and snowmobiling abound during the winter months. Along with neighboring Fox Lake, Antioch has become host to numberous pro and amateur national fishing tournaments.

The village is bordered by four holdings of the Lake County Forest Preserve District, an award winning and nationally recognized land conservation organization (http://www.lcfpd.org/preserves/index.cfm?fuseaction=preserves.view).

Along with the neighboring city of Waukegan, Antioch has benefited from the record number of new films being developed in and around Chicagoland. The village has had cameos in such blockbuster and critically acclaimed hits as Attack of the Killer Tomatoes (1978) and The Amityville Horror (2005 film). There is currently a thriving performing arts scene, centered around the PM&L Theatre as well as the civic bandstand behind Main Street.

Geography

Antioch is located nearly halfway between Chicago and Milwaukee at 42°28'45" North, 88°5'27" West (42.479069, -88.090878).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 19.8 km2 (7.6 mi2). 19.1 km2 (7.4 mi2) of it is land and 0.7 km2 (0.3 mi2) of it is water. The total area is 3.40% water.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 8,788 people, 3,235 households, and 2,351 families residing in the village. A special census has since been ordered, and it believed the village's population has risen above 14,000.

The population density was 459.8/km2 (1,190.4/mi2). There were 3,346 housing units at an average density of 175.1/km2 (453.2/mi2). The racial makeup of the village was 95.19% White, 1.07% African American, 0.35% Native American, 1.16% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.08% from other races, and 1.14% from two or more races. 4.42% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 3,235 households out of which 41.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.4% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.3% were non-families. 22.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.20.

In the village the population was spread out with 29.9% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 32.4% from 25 to 44, 21.1% from 45 to 64, and 8.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 95.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.9 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $56,481, and the median income for a family was $66,589. Males had a median income of $51,503 versus $31,389 for females. The per capita income for the village was $25,711. 3.9% of the population and 2.3% of families were below the poverty line. 3.9% of those under the age of 18 and 8.0% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.