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Edwardsville is a city located in Madison County, Illinois. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 21,491. It is the county seat of Madison County. The City was named in honor of Ninian Edwards, Governor of the Illinois Territory and, later, Governor of Illinois.
Southern Illinois University Edwardsville, the Madison County Record and the Edwardsville Intelligencer are located here.
Edwardsville is a part of Metro-East and the St. Louis Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Edwardsville is located at 38°48'14" North, 89°57'30" West (38.803986, -89.958195).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 36.5 km2 (14.1 mi2). 35.9 km2 (13.9 mi2) of it is land and 0.6 km2 (0.2 mi2) of it is water. The total area is 1.56% water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 21,491 people, 7,975 households, and 5,199 families residing in the city. The population density was 598.2/km2 (1,549.2/mi2). There were 8,331 housing units at an average density of 231.9/km2 (600.6/mi2). The racial makeup of the city was 87.70% White, 8.66% African American, 1.69% Asian, 0.28% Native American, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.29% from other races, and 1.35% from two or more races. 1.00% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 7,975 households out of which 32.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.4% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.8% were non-families. 25.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.99.
In the city the population was spread out with 22.6% under the age of 18, 16.0% from 18 to 24, 29.4% from 25 to 44, 20.3% from 45 to 64, and 11.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 87.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.3 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $50,921, and the median income for a family was $65,555. Males had a median income of $47,045 versus $29,280 for females. The per capita income for the city was $26,510. 8.6% of the population and 5.0% of families were below the poverty line. 7.3% of those under the age of 18 and 6.0% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.
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