Nason, IL

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Nason is a city located in Jefferson County, Illinois. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 234.

Geography

Nason is located at 38°10'38" North, 88°58'2" West (38.177195, -88.967304).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.3 km2 (0.9 mi2). 2.3 km2 (0.9 mi2) of it is land and none of it is covered by water.

History

Built from the ground up in 1923 as a model city centered around the largest Coal Mine in the nation. Located 11 miles Southwest of Mt. Vernon, research revealed a coal vein eight feet, ten inches thick extending in all directions in southern Jefferson county. THE NASON COAL COMPANY owned 30,000 acres and company president A. J. Nason got the idea to construct an industrial city in that area. Nason opened June 9, 1923 when real estate was put on the selling block. City planners assumed Nason's population would exceed 5,000. Wide streets were constructed for the automobiles. The mine was built to handle 10,000 tons of coal a day, and the Railroad Depot was at the West edge of the city. A Railroad connected Nason and Mt. Vernon in 1924. Land was reserved for two parks. Nason thrived and in 1923, the Mt. Vernon Register News called it "The Wonder City'. It also said the growth of the town has been so rapid, it's beyond belief - ALL ROADS LEAD TO NASON'.

Nason peaked, the declined when the mine closed October 19. 1951. By 1965, the town was a ghost town.

Rumors of the town's demise were, however, somewhat exagerated. With the construction of Rend Lake, the town is now located on a peninsula between the main arms of the Lake, affording excellent recreational opportunities.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 234 people, 101 households, and 64 families residing in the city. The population density was 100.4/km2 (259.0/mi2). There were 121 housing units at an average density of 51.9/km2 (133.9/mi2). The racial makeup of the city was 99.15% White, 0.00% African American, 0.00% Native American, 0.00% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 0.85% from other races, and 0.00% from two or more races. 0.00% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 101 households out of which 21.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.5% were married couples living together, 5.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.6% were non-families. 28.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.83.

In the city the population was spread out with 16.7% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 29.1% from 25 to 44, 27.8% from 45 to 64, and 16.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 120.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 114.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $33,125, and the median income for a family was $34,375. Males had a median income of $35,313 versus $17,500 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,866. 4.6% of the population and 0.0% of families were below the poverty line. 0.0% of those under the age of 18 and 8.3% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.