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Neoga is a city located in Cumberland County, Illinois. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 1,854.
Neoga is located at 39°19'18" North, 88°27'8" West (39.321769, -88.452109).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.5 km2 (1.4 mi2). 3.5 km2 (1.4 mi2) of it is land and none of it is covered by water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,854 people, 661 households, and 475 families residing in the city. The population density was 530.2/km2 (1,372.9/mi2). There were 720 housing units at an average density of 205.9/km2 (533.2/mi2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.63% White, 0.27% African American, 0.32% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 0.92% from other races, and 0.54% from two or more races. 1.40% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 661 households out of which 41.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.3% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.1% were non-families. 21.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.19.
In the city the population was spread out with 30.0% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 28.9% from 25 to 44, 18.8% from 45 to 64, and 12.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 89.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.5 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $34,500, and the median income for a family was $40,750. Males had a median income of $29,405 versus $20,607 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,173. 11.8% of the population and 8.9% of families were below the poverty line. 15.5% of those under the age of 18 and 6.6% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.