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Niles is a village located in Cook County, Illinois. As of the 2000 census, the village had a total population of 30,068.
A notable landmark and point of pride among Niles' residents is the Leaning Tower of Niles.
The current mayor of Niles is Nicholas B. Blase.
The village of Niles was incorporated on August 24, 1899. The village had a population of 500 people at that time.
There is no clear indication of the origin of the name "Niles". In 1929 the Chicago Tribune ran an article opining that the name was taken from the Niles Register, a newspaper published in the 1820s out of Washington, DC and distributed nationally.
Niles was the first community in Illinois and one of the first in the United States to establish free ambulance service, in 1946.
Niles is located at 42°1'56" North, 87°49'1" West (42.032329, -87.816862).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 15.2 km2 (5.9 mi2). 15.2 km2 (5.9 mi2) of it is land and none of it is covered by water.
Niles is adjacent to Chicago to the south, Skokie to the east, Morton Grove and Glenview to the north, and Park Ridge and Des Plaines (and portions of unincorporated Maine Township) to the west.
As of the census of 2000, there were 30,068 people, 12,002 households, and 7,945 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,974.4/km2 (5,117.9/mi2). There were 12,256 housing units at an average density of 804.8/km2 (2,086.1/mi2). The racial makeup of the village was 83.22% White, 0.46% African American, 0.09% Native American, 12.68% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.67% from other races, and 1.87% from two or more races. 5.03% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 12,002 households out of which 21.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.0% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.8% were non-families. 30.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.01.
In the village the population was spread out with 16.7% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 24.0% from 25 to 44, 24.8% from 45 to 64, and 27.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47 years. For every 100 females there were 87.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.3 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $48,627, and the median income for a family was $58,215. Males had a median income of $40,131 versus $30,266 for females. The per capita income for the village was $23,543. 5.4% of the population and 3.2% of families were below the poverty line. 5.2% of those under the age of 18 and 5.8% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.
Niles has four sister cities as of 2005: Pisa, Italy, Nafplion, Greece, Leixlip, Ireland and Limanowa, Poland.